Vauban

The castle - ©Patrick89 / CC-BY-SA The castle - ©Patrick89 / CC-BY-SA

Bazoches is the Burgundy fief belonging to the French marquis de Vauban, the famous military architect of king Louis XIV but also engineer, general brigadier, fortification's general superintendent...

Aerial view - ©Psu973 / CC-BY-SA Aerial view - ©Psu973 / CC-BY-SA

Louis XIV, owing to the treaty of Ryswick which put end to the Nine Years War, lost the German stronghold of Vieux-Brisach, conquered few years later. In order to make up for this lost, the king...

The citadel - ©Havang(nl) / CC-BY-SA The citadel - ©Havang(nl) / CC-BY-SA

This citadel is a masterpiece raised in the reign of Louis XIV by the famous French military architect, Sébastien Le Prestre, marquis de Vauban. Proudly overlooking the Gironde estuary since 1632...

Aerial view - ©Groumfy69 / CC0 Aerial view - ©Groumfy69 / CC0

The famous French engineer Vauban raised this citadel, a real master-piece that UNESCO listed as a World heritage site... It has a surface area of 11 hectares, with kilometres of surrounding walls...

The choir - ©Andreas F. Borchert / CC-BY-SA The choir - ©Andreas F. Borchert / CC-BY-SA

Damned Normans! The first bishop of Coutances, saint Ereptiole, probably founded the first cathedral in the middle of the 5th century. In 836, a Norman invasion forced our bishops to run away in...

The fort - ©Patrick Despoix / CC-BY-SA The fort - ©Patrick Despoix / CC-BY-SA

This squat building standing in the middle of the sea, was raised on an artificial island in the reign of Louis XIV in order to protect Rochefort harbour. Vauban, sent by the king to raise it,: "...

The fort - ©MOSSOT / CC-BY-SA The fort - ©MOSSOT / CC-BY-SA

The construction of this stronghold on its rocky spur dates back to the 13th century, ordered by the first dauphins of Viennois. Truly a city in the city, we have a bakers' oven and a hospital...

The ramparts - ©GO69 / CC-BY-SA The ramparts - ©GO69 / CC-BY-SA

Impregnable, Villefranche! In Villefranche-de-Conflent, the first fortifications were raised by count of Cerdagne Guillaume Raymond, at the end of the 11th century, at the confluence of two valleys...

And also!