The Place d’Alliance is the 3d creation of king of Poland Stanislas and his architect architect Héré, after the place Royale and the place de la Carrière.
Here, in the past, we found… vegetable plots, belonging to the duke of Lorraine Leopold! In other words, a big green meadows. Stan, for his part, created his own tree nursery, so he didn’t care about those plots.
What did he want? A square! A square dedicated to his glory, with a statue of the king in the middle. In 1753, they raised the foundations of the first city-houses surrounding the square.
But the building work took time. So, when a ″alliances overthrow″ happened, people from Lorraine decided that the square would be place d’Alliance (″Alliance Square″), to mark the occasion! Stan accepted the change...
In middle of the square, the sculptor Cyfflé raised a big fountain. On a rock stand 3 allegories of rivers, representing by 3 bearded men: the Meuse, the Rhine and the Escaut river. They hold urns in their hands. On the basin, a marble obelisk. At the top of the obelisk, a Genius blowing in a trumpet.
We have sentences: Publicam spondent salutem, ″They promised salvation.″ Optato vincta Discordia nexu, ″The discord defeated by this alliance.″ Prisca recensque fides votum conspirat in unum, ″Now, the old and the new fidelity are an only and same vow.″
Around this fountain raised gorgeous townhouses, all built with Stanislas’ fortune. People just had to settle in and bring their furniture! The most famous house here is the hôtel d'Alsace, at number 8: a fire completely destroyed it in October 1782 so they re-raised it identically.
During the French Revolution, the square became place de la Renommée (″square of Fame″) then place Chalier in memory of the French Revolutionary from Lyon, executed in 1793…