Lords of Baux raised this giant fortress in the 11th century. Mighty lords, but a bit too much aggressive! The most famous lords of Baux was Raymond de Turenne... A bloodthirsty tyrant who sacked and pillaged Provence at the end of the 14th century: oh, they even nicknamed him "the Provence's curse" (le Fléau de la Provence)! The tradition said that in order to have fun, this noble lord (um) forced men to hurl themselves into empty space, at the top of Baux castle...
After Baux was annexed to Provence, the fortified city was more prosperous and quiet. It fell to the Crown in 1486, then to the constable Anne de Montmorency in 1528, who rebuilt the castle and extended the city. Baux became a Protestant bastion during the war of Religion, even cardinal of Richelieu demolished the fortress and the surrounding wall in 1632. The city was abandoned... Listed as Plus beaux villages de France in 1999, Baux came alive again thanks to tourism.