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Cruas' swellings of the river

The abbot church | GFreihalter / CC-BY-SA
Abbey Natural disaster Benedictine Abbot church Cruas abbey

Founded in 804 by Benedictine Monks, ordered by count Eribert, the abbey was raised on a desert and inhospitable place. Bishops of Arles protected it, and kings and princes embellished it.

Even a church was added in 970! In the 11th century, monks built new buildings on a rock: oh, they just wanted to protect themselves from river Rhône's floods... And what floods!

One of them at the end of the 12th century overran the church and let a 4 metres thick gravel bed! Monks were forced to raise the soil inside and outside.

During wars of Religion, Cruas, a Catholic place, was besieged by Protestants: but our monks, led by abbot Etienne Déodel, bishop of Grasse, threw them out after they murdered masses of them!

The church had 2 crypts: one from the 11th century, the other from the 13th century. The "upper church" was raised at the end of the 11th century.

About the the author

I'm fond of strolls and History, with juicy and spicy details!